Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 33,525
2 China 16,542
3 United Kingdom 15,898
4 Turkey 8,586
5 Canada 7,858
6 Iran 7,578
7 Netherlands 6,831
8 Australia 6,161
9 India 5,964
10 Germany 5,344
11 Colombia 4,938
12 Thailand 4,716
13 Brazil 4,472
14 Belgium 4,254
15 Russia 3,954
16 France 3,806
17 Indonesia 3,722
18 Portugal 3,344
19 Italy 3,123
20 Taiwan 3,097

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.