Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 55,532
2 United States 50,262
3 United Kingdom 20,717
4 Australia 8,818
5 France 8,412
6 Italy 8,291
7 Canada 8,206
8 Spain 7,211
9 Brazil 7,183
10 Russia 6,786
11 Germany 5,987
12 South Korea 5,830
13 Japan 5,391
14 Netherlands 5,375
15 India 5,325
16 Turkey 4,602
17 Switzerland 4,596
18 Indonesia 4,533
19 South Africa 3,856
20 Taiwan 3,215

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach