Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 257,982
2 China 68,395
3 United Kingdom 46,818
4 South Korea 40,932
5 France 36,231
6 Australia 31,771
7 Japan 31,727
8 Italy 31,215
9 Canada 29,789
10 India 25,813
11 Germany 22,894
12 Taiwan 21,513
13 Turkey 21,208
14 Netherlands 20,188
15 Spain 20,055
16 Thailand 15,073
17 Brazil 14,038
18 New Zealand 13,737
19 Switzerland 13,392
20 Russia 12,378

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach