Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 39,640
2 United States 34,010
3 China 32,949
4 Germany 11,325
5 Australia 9,264
6 India 8,372
7 Canada 8,047
8 Netherlands 7,542
9 Sweden 6,800
10 Turkey 6,431
11 Russia 6,325
12 France 6,262
13 Malaysia 5,530
14 Brazil 5,216
15 Italy 5,066
16 Thailand 4,952
17 South Korea 4,453
18 Indonesia 4,120
19 Iran 3,791
20 Spain 3,571

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.