Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 63,080
2 China 58,514
3 United States 58,444
4 Germany 23,794
5 India 18,718
6 Australia 15,628
7 Netherlands 15,087
8 Turkey 13,514
9 Canada 13,314
10 Russia 11,785
11 Malaysia 11,709
12 France 10,602
13 Italy 10,261
14 South Korea 9,667
15 Brazil 9,442
16 Sweden 8,968
17 Spain 7,686
18 Norway 7,173
19 Thailand 7,126
20 Switzerland 6,829

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.