Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 49,820
2 China 46,129
3 United States 44,864
4 Germany 16,931
5 India 13,683
6 Australia 11,786
7 Canada 10,228
8 Netherlands 10,029
9 Turkey 9,633
10 Russia 9,070
11 Malaysia 8,634
12 Sweden 8,405
13 France 8,227
14 Italy 7,610
15 Brazil 7,454
16 Thailand 6,210
17 South Korea 6,172
18 Spain 5,482
19 Indonesia 5,437
20 Norway 5,402

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.