Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 53,348
2 United States 50,408
3 United Kingdom 48,712
4 Australia 22,854
5 Canada 15,955
6 Brazil 15,933
7 Netherlands 15,675
8 South Africa 14,668
9 Russia 13,159
10 India 11,096
11 Germany 11,065
12 Indonesia 8,949
13 Thailand 8,802
14 Malaysia 7,588
15 Mexico 7,335
16 Japan 6,733
17 Sweden 6,429
18 Italy 5,926
19 France 5,745
20 Colombia 5,529

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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