Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 54,958
2 United Kingdom 29,221
3 South Africa 16,343
4 Australia 15,836
5 China 11,416
6 Canada 8,226
7 India 6,520
8 Germany 5,405
9 Ethiopia 4,561
10 Malaysia 4,534
11 Netherlands 4,468
12 Thailand 3,880
13 Sweden 3,846
14 Iran 3,250
15 Indonesia 3,050
16 Russia 3,021
17 Turkey 2,780
18 New Zealand 2,762
19 Colombia 2,574
20 Switzerland 2,524

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach