Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 564,856
2 United States 286,716
3 India 94,132
4 United Kingdom 83,898
5 South Korea 77,630
6 Japan 61,565
7 Germany 45,907
8 Taiwan 35,223
9 Russia 27,408
10 Italy 24,760
11 Australia 24,413
12 Canada 24,203
13 Switzerland 23,055
14 Thailand 22,884
15 France 20,815
16 Turkey 20,514
17 Brazil 18,646
18 Iran 17,310
19 Spain 16,452
20 Netherlands 16,085

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach