Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 364,994
2 India 182,054
3 United States 150,846
4 Pakistan 79,650
5 South Korea 66,261
6 Malaysia 53,493
7 Japan 47,093
8 Turkey 44,079
9 United Kingdom 43,594
10 Russia 42,498
11 Taiwan 41,016
12 Germany 40,177
13 Thailand 32,172
14 Brazil 21,537
15 Mexico 20,564
16 Iran 19,945
17 Australia 19,704
18 Saudi Arabia 19,655
19 France 19,380
20 Poland 18,023

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach