Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 107,845
2 United Kingdom 53,650
3 Australia 30,945
4 Canada 20,117
5 China 12,851
6 Netherlands 9,669
7 Turkey 9,436
8 Germany 6,833
9 Italy 6,291
10 Israel 5,148
11 Spain 5,063
12 Sweden 4,084
13 South Korea 3,930
14 Norway 3,784
15 France 3,242
16 Japan 3,239
17 Iran 3,108
18 New Zealand 3,097
19 Malaysia 2,790
20 Switzerland 2,755

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach