Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 279,308
2 United Kingdom 72,453
3 China 47,991
4 Australia 45,432
5 Canada 41,858
6 Malaysia 18,978
7 Germany 16,033
8 Japan 15,986
9 Thailand 14,884
10 Indonesia 12,974
11 Netherlands 12,922
12 Taiwan 10,710
13 Russia 10,276
14 India 9,518
15 Brazil 9,270
16 Turkey 8,795
17 Spain 8,574
18 Iran 8,170
19 New Zealand 7,874
20 South Africa 7,752

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach