Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 44,932
2 United Kingdom 27,258
3 China 20,088
4 Russia 14,263
5 Brazil 14,204
6 India 13,821
7 Australia 12,012
8 Germany 9,247
9 Japan 8,135
10 France 7,373
11 Spain 6,501
12 Switzerland 5,574
13 Canada 5,436
14 Thailand 5,424
15 Belgium 3,771
16 Mexico 3,513
17 South Africa 3,340
18 South Korea 2,947
19 Colombia 2,837
20 Netherlands 2,807

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach