Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 9,709,213
2 South Korea 1,566,986
3 United States 1,071,389
4 Taiwan 381,963
5 India 310,576
6 Japan 301,891
7 Hong Kong 282,037
8 United Kingdom 281,585
9 Australia 275,378
10 Canada 192,114
11 Singapore 172,533
12 Germany 109,895
13 Turkey 107,730
14 France 87,313
15 Russia 86,705
16 Spain 79,728
17 Italy 75,992
18 Saudi Arabia 66,127
19 Switzerland 62,854
20 Sweden 61,479

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach