Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 7,559,799
2 South Korea 1,165,991
3 United States 944,704
4 Taiwan 285,692
5 India 248,509
6 Japan 246,833
7 Australia 233,190
8 United Kingdom 214,445
9 Hong Kong 197,671
10 Canada 161,702
11 Singapore 161,440
12 Germany 113,059
13 Turkey 80,555
14 France 70,509
15 Russia 67,805
16 Spain 62,515
17 Italy 58,598
18 Saudi Arabia 57,185
19 Switzerland 52,981
20 Thailand 52,517

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach