Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 35,424
2 United States 25,005
3 Australia 12,111
4 Canada 8,556
5 China 4,612
6 Germany 2,755
7 New Zealand 2,497
8 Netherlands 2,289
9 France 1,759
10 Malaysia 1,627
11 Ireland 1,573
12 Turkey 1,486
13 South Africa 1,422
14 Colombia 1,369
15 Sweden 1,351
16 Switzerland 1,344
17 Brazil 1,235
18 Russia 1,194
19 Belgium 1,186
20 Spain 1,090

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach