Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 107,137
2 China 64,648
3 United Kingdom 20,443
4 Japan 16,553
5 Italy 13,672
6 Canada 12,848
7 Germany 10,276
8 South Korea 9,395
9 France 9,358
10 Australia 8,583
11 Brazil 7,433
12 Taiwan 6,574
13 Netherlands 5,963
14 India 5,670
15 Switzerland 5,660
16 Turkey 5,214
17 Spain 4,850
18 Russia 3,557
19 Mexico 3,458
20 Poland 3,214

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach