Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 102,412
2 China 62,161
3 United Kingdom 19,990
4 Japan 15,867
5 Italy 11,863
6 Canada 10,560
7 South Korea 9,478
8 France 9,148
9 Germany 8,926
10 Australia 8,532
11 Brazil 6,558
12 Netherlands 5,854
13 Taiwan 5,823
14 Turkey 5,785
15 Switzerland 5,506
16 Spain 4,797
17 India 4,038
18 Poland 3,227
19 Belgium 3,119
20 Mexico 2,965

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach