Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 421,273
2 United States 195,740
3 United Kingdom 184,541
4 India 98,159
5 Australia 88,607
6 Malaysia 64,632
7 Turkey 61,506
8 Canada 57,859
9 Italy 49,824
10 Indonesia 45,824
11 Brazil 44,976
12 Iran 41,780
13 Thailand 40,460
14 Netherlands 38,815
15 Russia 38,754
16 South Korea 35,182
17 Japan 33,681
18 Hong Kong 33,085
19 Taiwan 32,405
20 Spain 32,239

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach