Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 662,795
2 United States 277,504
3 United Kingdom 252,629
4 Australia 128,587
5 India 117,641
6 Turkey 90,228
7 Canada 81,919
8 Malaysia 80,158
9 Italy 68,081
10 Brazil 61,579
11 Netherlands 61,432
12 Indonesia 57,989
13 South Korea 57,116
14 Russia 53,391
15 Thailand 50,842
16 Hong Kong 48,729
17 Iran 48,323
18 Spain 47,413
19 Japan 45,741
20 Taiwan 45,338

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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