Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 231,815
2 United Kingdom 132,059
3 United States 129,689
4 India 72,424
5 Australia 60,038
6 Malaysia 51,256
7 Turkey 40,447
8 Canada 37,509
9 Indonesia 34,683
10 Italy 34,566
11 Brazil 30,010
12 Iran 29,823
13 Thailand 29,150
14 Netherlands 26,921
15 Russia 25,845
16 Germany 25,515
17 Hong Kong 23,773
18 South Korea 23,355
19 Japan 23,248
20 Taiwan 23,218

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach