Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 62,364
2 China 61,066
3 United States 32,990
4 Netherlands 21,839
5 Germany 18,580
6 Australia 18,469
7 France 12,345
8 Turkey 11,327
9 Malaysia 11,113
10 Sweden 10,776
11 Thailand 10,089
12 Indonesia 9,888
13 Canada 9,559
14 Italy 8,867
15 Belgium 8,716
16 Brazil 8,579
17 Taiwan 8,074
18 South Korea 6,667
19 India 6,215
20 Hong Kong 6,024

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach