Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 48,720
2 India 19,564
3 United States 19,302
4 United Kingdom 9,821
5 Australia 5,462
6 Turkey 5,284
7 Malaysia 5,088
8 South Korea 4,926
9 Russia 4,169
10 Brazil 4,142
11 Taiwan 3,708
12 Canada 3,434
13 France 3,279
14 Indonesia 3,131
15 Pakistan 2,927
16 Spain 2,877
17 Netherlands 2,509
18 Italy 2,413
19 Iran 2,368
20 Germany 2,195

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach