Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 122,517
2 Netherlands 83,826
3 United States 59,370
4 China 52,088
5 Germany 51,751
6 Australia 35,529
7 Sweden 31,150
8 Canada 21,447
9 Norway 19,747
10 Finland 16,855
11 Switzerland 16,324
12 France 14,747
13 Brazil 14,452
14 Italy 12,449
15 Denmark 11,341
16 Austria 11,319
17 Spain 10,509
18 Belgium 10,379
19 South Africa 9,680
20 Japan 8,704

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach