Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 255,331
2 United States 119,941
3 India 47,000
4 Japan 36,581
5 Germany 33,871
6 United Kingdom 28,797
7 Turkey 27,400
8 Russia 25,178
9 Brazil 24,059
10 Mexico 21,216
11 South Korea 18,322
12 France 17,969
13 Canada 17,230
14 Thailand 16,212
15 Spain 14,861
16 Poland 13,072
17 Taiwan 12,773
18 Australia 10,838
19 Iran 10,586
20 Italy 10,572

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach