Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 251,536
2 United States 117,600
3 Germany 47,876
4 India 46,044
5 Japan 37,260
6 Turkey 30,382
7 Russia 27,138
8 United Kingdom 27,100
9 Brazil 23,582
10 Mexico 20,948
11 France 20,208
12 South Korea 18,465
13 Thailand 18,424
14 Canada 18,085
15 Spain 16,427
16 Taiwan 15,929
17 Poland 13,595
18 Italy 11,600
19 Australia 10,936
20 Iran 9,957

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach