Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 189,439
2 China 106,624
3 Japan 79,710
4 United Kingdom 29,937
5 Italy 25,342
6 South Korea 23,709
7 India 22,352
8 Australia 21,971
9 Switzerland 20,531
10 Turkey 19,018
11 Russia 17,688
12 Taiwan 16,070
13 Canada 14,939
14 Germany 14,745
15 Netherlands 14,265
16 Brazil 13,051
17 Spain 13,041
18 France 12,679
19 Thailand 12,454
20 Colombia 10,019

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach