Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 191,656
2 China 104,631
3 Japan 72,268
4 Italy 25,560
5 United Kingdom 24,211
6 South Korea 21,248
7 Australia 19,717
8 Switzerland 19,486
9 India 18,607
10 Turkey 17,825
11 Russia 17,151
12 Taiwan 16,048
13 Germany 15,488
14 Canada 14,653
15 Brazil 14,250
16 Spain 12,917
17 Thailand 11,867
18 Netherlands 11,676
19 France 11,023
20 Colombia 9,997

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach