Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 31,739
2 China 10,894
3 Japan 7,824
4 United Kingdom 7,558
5 Australia 6,412
6 Germany 6,326
7 Taiwan 4,235
8 South Korea 4,095
9 Canada 4,074
10 Mexico 3,516
11 Thailand 3,495
12 Switzerland 3,379
13 Spain 3,117
14 Italy 2,314
15 India 2,310
16 France 2,282
17 Netherlands 1,935
18 Turkey 1,568
19 Brazil 1,535
20 Russia 1,441

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach