Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 54,880
2 United Kingdom 31,498
3 United States 23,879
4 France 12,372
5 Turkey 12,096
6 Malaysia 11,202
7 Australia 10,496
8 Indonesia 9,420
9 India 6,589
10 Russia 6,008
11 Canada 5,528
12 Netherlands 5,435
13 Germany 5,133
14 Italy 5,057
15 South Africa 4,706
16 South Korea 4,325
17 Japan 4,292
18 Pakistan 3,590
19 Spain 3,307
20 Brazil 3,171

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.