Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 35,054
2 United Kingdom 19,434
3 United States 14,660
4 Malaysia 13,751
5 France 9,288
6 Indonesia 8,450
7 Turkey 6,793
8 Australia 6,201
9 Germany 5,693
10 India 4,922
11 Pakistan 3,589
12 Russia 3,338
13 Canada 3,191
14 Netherlands 3,162
15 Japan 3,154
16 Thailand 2,953
17 South Africa 2,847
18 Italy 2,842
19 Taiwan 2,747
20 Tunisia 2,665

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.