Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 42,256
2 United Kingdom 23,208
3 United States 18,338
4 Malaysia 13,371
5 France 10,175
6 Indonesia 8,954
7 Turkey 7,975
8 Australia 7,568
9 Germany 6,093
10 India 5,549
11 Russia 3,945
12 Canada 3,941
13 Netherlands 3,751
14 Pakistan 3,655
15 South Africa 3,507
16 Japan 3,456
17 Italy 3,446
18 Thailand 3,145
19 South Korea 2,983
20 Iran 2,928

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.