Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,653,836
2 South Korea 176,918
3 United States 163,222
4 Japan 78,533
5 Taiwan 62,588
6 United Kingdom 61,748
7 India 52,796
8 Australia 44,652
9 Canada 34,455
10 Spain 30,726
11 Turkey 30,110
12 Hong Kong 26,325
13 Brazil 26,307
14 France 25,368
15 Thailand 22,304
16 Italy 22,259
17 Malaysia 20,931
18 Russia 20,826
19 Germany 20,247
20 Netherlands 18,879

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach