Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 903,175
2 United States 114,539
3 South Korea 96,196
4 Japan 50,619
5 United Kingdom 41,002
6 Taiwan 37,542
7 India 37,357
8 Australia 30,715
9 Canada 22,977
10 Turkey 21,355
11 Thailand 20,671
12 Spain 20,400
13 Brazil 19,711
14 Germany 18,543
15 Malaysia 17,911
16 France 17,263
17 Italy 14,901
18 Russia 13,741
19 Netherlands 13,434
20 Iran 12,985

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach