Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 58,542
2 China 57,437
3 United Kingdom 39,015
4 India 34,159
5 Malaysia 30,289
6 Australia 16,812
7 Turkey 16,406
8 Indonesia 14,098
9 Iran 13,149
10 Canada 9,762
11 Germany 9,383
12 Italy 8,899
13 Singapore 7,963
14 Netherlands 7,841
15 Japan 7,200
16 Taiwan 6,758
17 Russia 6,194
18 Thailand 5,753
19 Hong Kong 5,466
20 Nigeria 5,445

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach