Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 69,722
2 China 68,043
3 United Kingdom 47,407
4 India 39,981
5 Malaysia 34,148
6 Australia 21,164
7 Turkey 20,371
8 Indonesia 16,478
9 Iran 14,078
10 Canada 11,570
11 Germany 11,338
12 Singapore 11,199
13 Italy 10,336
14 Netherlands 9,418
15 Japan 8,380
16 Taiwan 7,080
17 Russia 7,020
18 Thailand 6,637
19 Hong Kong 6,270
20 South Korea 6,242

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach