Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 115,057
2 South Korea 47,613
3 United States 42,008
4 India 36,892
5 United Kingdom 34,463
6 Germany 12,966
7 Malaysia 12,462
8 Australia 12,387
9 Turkey 11,696
10 Japan 10,902
11 Russia 9,943
12 Canada 9,692
13 Indonesia 8,994
14 Netherlands 8,643
15 Iran 8,490
16 Italy 8,469
17 Norway 8,234
18 Taiwan 8,221
19 Brazil 8,186
20 France 7,586

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach