Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 India 235,277
2 China 127,983
3 United States 92,960
4 Malaysia 48,905
5 United Kingdom 47,627
6 Turkey 34,224
7 Pakistan 28,605
8 Iran 24,339
9 Germany 23,701
10 Australia 22,401
11 Russia 19,689
12 South Korea 19,344
13 Taiwan 17,959
14 Ethiopia 17,580
15 Thailand 17,502
16 Egypt 17,494
17 Brazil 16,767
18 Indonesia 16,411
19 Canada 16,380
20 South Africa 12,692

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach