Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 239,868
2 United States 217,868
3 India 155,857
4 United Kingdom 72,947
5 South Korea 55,490
6 Germany 41,977
7 Russia 39,188
8 Turkey 38,704
9 Japan 36,112
10 Malaysia 35,739
11 Thailand 33,920
12 Brazil 33,110
13 Taiwan 31,285
14 Australia 30,039
15 Canada 29,307
16 Pakistan 25,577
17 Italy 25,362
18 Iran 23,207
19 Spain 20,005
20 France 18,525

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach