Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 37,293
2 China 12,652
3 United Kingdom 6,602
4 Canada 5,834
5 Germany 4,307
6 Italy 3,835
7 Australia 3,589
8 Turkey 3,466
9 South Korea 2,886
10 Spain 2,886
11 Japan 2,794
12 Iran 2,625
13 Russia 2,623
14 Brazil 2,407
15 Taiwan 2,347
16 Netherlands 2,254
17 France 2,077
18 India 1,788
19 Indonesia 1,705
20 Belgium 1,653

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach