Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 23,024
2 Canada 2,359
3 Australia 2,337
4 Italy 2,279
5 United Kingdom 1,796
6 Germany 1,338
7 Netherlands 1,314
8 South Korea 1,224
9 Mexico 1,012
10 Belgium 991
11 China 920
12 Switzerland 693
13 Taiwan 661
14 Japan 586
15 Spain 503
16 Sweden 448
17 Turkey 414
18 Israel 402
19 Brazil 393
20 France 386

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach