Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 191,873
2 China 99,509
3 India 71,310
4 United Kingdom 57,749
5 Germany 41,201
6 Japan 32,186
7 South Korea 32,099
8 Canada 20,615
9 Switzerland 18,814
10 Australia 18,093
11 Taiwan 17,979
12 Russia 17,729
13 Italy 17,037
14 France 16,199
15 Brazil 13,616
16 Netherlands 13,418
17 Spain 13,094
18 Thailand 10,418
19 Turkey 9,749
20 Malaysia 9,606

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach