Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 154,652
2 India 62,877
3 China 62,513
4 United Kingdom 45,675
5 Germany 29,785
6 Japan 20,374
7 South Korea 20,238
8 Canada 15,886
9 Russia 14,856
10 Switzerland 13,985
11 Australia 13,434
12 Taiwan 12,842
13 Italy 12,626
14 France 12,515
15 Brazil 12,276
16 Netherlands 10,307
17 Spain 10,041
18 Malaysia 9,125
19 Iran 8,305
20 Thailand 7,731

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach