Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 263,098
2 China 191,822
3 India 91,511
4 United Kingdom 82,007
5 Germany 65,558
6 South Korea 54,139
7 Japan 49,265
8 Canada 27,234
9 Australia 26,814
10 Italy 26,484
11 Switzerland 26,203
12 France 26,125
13 Taiwan 25,870
14 Russia 24,984
15 Spain 21,082
16 Netherlands 20,759
17 Brazil 17,139
18 Turkey 14,424
19 Thailand 13,614
20 Sweden 11,421

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach