Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 110,117
2 India 46,986
3 China 39,607
4 United Kingdom 32,125
5 Germany 21,480
6 Japan 14,429
7 South Korea 13,565
8 Canada 11,035
9 Russia 10,530
10 Taiwan 9,545
11 France 9,496
12 Australia 9,178
13 Brazil 8,735
14 Italy 8,723
15 Switzerland 8,341
16 Malaysia 7,118
17 Spain 6,943
18 Netherlands 6,864
19 Iran 6,397
20 Thailand 5,844

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach