Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 148,720
2 United Kingdom 40,406
3 China 35,905
4 South Korea 31,879
5 Australia 30,138
6 Turkey 27,821
7 Thailand 20,890
8 Canada 19,495
9 Taiwan 17,565
10 Iran 15,542
11 Indonesia 15,246
12 Malaysia 13,982
13 India 10,564
14 Japan 9,589
15 Germany 8,315
16 Sweden 7,525
17 Netherlands 7,395
18 Singapore 6,804
19 Spain 6,604
20 Hong Kong 6,582

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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