Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 91,885
2 China 80,430
3 Japan 24,350
4 United Kingdom 18,812
5 Germany 16,842
6 South Korea 15,796
7 India 10,728
8 Italy 10,423
9 Taiwan 9,174
10 Canada 8,525
11 Australia 7,411
12 France 6,631
13 Switzerland 6,565
14 Netherlands 6,143
15 Russia 5,470
16 Spain 4,883
17 Brazil 3,889
18 Poland 3,849
19 Turkey 3,746
20 Iran 3,438

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach