Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 106,440
2 China 49,760
3 United Kingdom 20,423
4 Japan 19,065
5 Netherlands 16,917
6 South Korea 13,569
7 Italy 11,605
8 Canada 11,027
9 Australia 10,728
10 Germany 9,975
11 Switzerland 6,157
12 Taiwan 5,790
13 France 5,673
14 Brazil 5,386
15 Turkey 4,427
16 Spain 3,449
17 Thailand 3,166
18 Denmark 3,025
19 Belgium 2,873
20 Poland 2,822

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach