Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 235,970
2 China 81,515
3 United Kingdom 42,198
4 Japan 28,501
5 Australia 27,692
6 Canada 25,901
7 France 22,676
8 Italy 21,433
9 Netherlands 17,947
10 South Korea 17,284
11 Brazil 15,540
12 Germany 12,735
13 Thailand 12,645
14 Spain 11,200
15 Turkey 11,165
16 Taiwan 10,543
17 Switzerland 8,571
18 Iran 7,795
19 Mexico 7,568
20 Norway 5,354

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach