Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 116,866
2 China 48,444
3 Japan 36,137
4 South Korea 16,936
5 United Kingdom 14,206
6 Australia 11,880
7 India 10,823
8 Canada 9,903
9 Italy 9,821
10 Turkey 8,198
11 Taiwan 8,022
12 Germany 7,506
13 Russia 7,459
14 Spain 7,184
15 France 6,983
16 Brazil 5,854
17 Mexico 5,810
18 Netherlands 5,304
19 Switzerland 5,294
20 Thailand 4,490

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach