Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 44,914
2 China 14,773
3 Japan 9,502
4 Australia 4,907
5 South Korea 4,644
6 United Kingdom 4,264
7 India 3,635
8 Canada 3,370
9 Italy 2,744
10 Taiwan 2,673
11 Mexico 2,406
12 Iran 2,339
13 Turkey 2,230
14 Spain 2,167
15 Germany 2,129
16 Russia 2,021
17 France 1,725
18 Thailand 1,668
19 Brazil 1,539
20 Switzerland 1,458

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach