Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 89,538
2 China 37,052
3 Japan 24,869
4 South Korea 10,773
5 United Kingdom 9,724
6 Australia 9,650
7 India 7,487
8 Canada 7,374
9 Italy 6,678
10 Taiwan 5,857
11 Turkey 5,398
12 Russia 5,122
13 Germany 5,114
14 Spain 5,073
15 Mexico 4,646
16 France 4,624
17 Brazil 4,253
18 Switzerland 3,974
19 Iran 3,595
20 Netherlands 3,567

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach