Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 87,785
2 United Kingdom 66,996
3 Canada 23,555
4 China 17,242
5 Italy 14,743
6 Australia 13,775
7 Spain 12,591
8 France 10,197
9 Portugal 7,558
10 Netherlands 5,994
11 Turkey 5,548
12 Germany 5,344
13 New Zealand 5,284
14 Russia 4,915
15 Switzerland 4,262
16 Brazil 3,996
17 Poland 3,790
18 Czech Republic 3,444
19 Japan 3,024
20 Colombia 2,777

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.