Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 80,494
2 United Kingdom 56,651
3 Canada 19,647
4 China 14,052
5 Australia 12,872
6 Italy 11,865
7 Spain 10,569
8 France 9,065
9 Portugal 6,930
10 Germany 5,515
11 Netherlands 5,433
12 Turkey 4,790
13 New Zealand 4,766
14 Switzerland 3,944
15 Russia 3,918
16 Poland 3,601
17 Brazil 3,399
18 Czech Republic 2,903
19 Colombia 2,648
20 Mexico 2,582

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.