Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 92,617
2 Canada 12,386
3 United Kingdom 8,004
4 Australia 6,804
5 South Korea 5,236
6 Japan 4,994
7 Ireland 4,257
8 Taiwan 4,072
9 Sweden 3,034
10 Thailand 2,851
11 Netherlands 2,435
12 Germany 2,281
13 India 2,274
14 Spain 2,150
15 China 2,042
16 Italy 1,860
17 Switzerland 1,765
18 Brazil 1,288
19 Norway 1,159
20 Russia 1,133

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach