Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 131,317
2 Canada 15,842
3 United Kingdom 10,149
4 Australia 9,136
5 Japan 7,755
6 South Korea 6,591
7 Italy 5,158
8 Taiwan 4,906
9 Ireland 4,635
10 Netherlands 4,205
11 China 3,321
12 Thailand 3,315
13 Germany 3,213
14 Sweden 3,176
15 Switzerland 2,739
16 Spain 2,685
17 India 2,593
18 Brazil 1,614
19 Norway 1,480
20 Russia 1,358

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach