Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 168,595
2 Canada 18,264
3 Australia 12,866
4 United Kingdom 10,949
5 Japan 10,616
6 Netherlands 9,186
7 South Korea 7,869
8 Italy 7,187
9 Taiwan 5,610
10 China 5,577
11 Ireland 5,058
12 Switzerland 4,435
13 Thailand 4,258
14 Germany 3,787
15 Spain 3,531
16 India 2,908
17 Sweden 2,437
18 Norway 1,862
19 New Zealand 1,623
20 France 1,553

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach