Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 427,037
2 United Kingdom 147,926
3 China 101,441
4 Canada 57,667
5 Germany 55,101
6 Netherlands 53,801
7 Australia 52,139
8 Japan 27,428
9 Italy 21,193
10 Switzerland 18,766
11 Spain 17,153
12 France 16,688
13 South Korea 15,008
14 Taiwan 11,687
15 India 11,566
16 Turkey 10,459
17 Belgium 10,323
18 Russia 10,172
19 Sweden 10,019
20 Israel 9,668

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach