Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 401,587
2 United Kingdom 129,503
3 China 82,265
4 Canada 54,818
5 Germany 50,844
6 Netherlands 48,927
7 Australia 43,098
8 Japan 24,771
9 Italy 19,214
10 Switzerland 16,434
11 France 15,786
12 Spain 15,573
13 South Korea 12,374
14 India 11,426
15 Taiwan 10,724
16 Russia 9,735
17 Turkey 9,345
18 Belgium 9,336
19 Sweden 9,269
20 Brazil 8,716

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach