Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 44,934
2 Turkey 26,918
3 United Kingdom 22,138
4 Thailand 19,312
5 China 17,791
6 Spain 15,071
7 Malaysia 13,222
8 Brazil 11,736
9 Australia 10,595
10 Russia 10,206
11 Canada 9,147
12 Italy 8,601
13 Colombia 8,329
14 India 7,319
15 Mexico 7,202
16 Taiwan 7,127
17 Netherlands 6,911
18 Indonesia 5,633
19 Portugal 5,530
20 France 5,213

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach