Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 55,232
2 Turkey 46,452
3 China 31,765
4 United Kingdom 30,477
5 Thailand 27,634
6 Spain 21,386
7 Brazil 20,735
8 Malaysia 18,737
9 Russia 16,741
10 Australia 15,005
11 Italy 12,457
12 Colombia 11,993
13 Canada 11,991
14 Taiwan 11,258
15 Indonesia 10,174
16 Netherlands 10,133
17 Mexico 9,242
18 Portugal 8,730
19 India 7,896
20 France 7,519

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach