Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 148,899
2 China 56,899
3 Brazil 55,143
4 United Kingdom 37,393
5 Japan 26,659
6 France 23,811
7 Canada 21,226
8 Italy 19,968
9 Germany 19,555
10 Thailand 19,531
11 Australia 18,195
12 South Africa 16,283
13 Mexico 16,166
14 Turkey 15,546
15 Colombia 15,338
16 South Korea 13,514
17 Netherlands 13,462
18 Russia 11,908
19 Poland 11,811
20 Spain 11,610

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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