Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 56,634
2 United States 39,567
3 China 36,937
4 Germany 25,051
5 Italy 22,868
6 Spain 19,586
7 Netherlands 18,038
8 Australia 14,937
9 Indonesia 14,869
10 Brazil 11,769
11 Malaysia 10,445
12 Sweden 9,943
13 Canada 9,695
14 Portugal 9,096
15 Turkey 8,529
16 Taiwan 8,375
17 Belgium 8,226
18 India 7,939
19 Austria 7,519
20 France 7,391

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach