Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 273,916
2 France 159,314
3 United Kingdom 135,645
4 Australia 106,727
5 Canada 81,585
6 China 79,460
7 South Korea 37,807
8 Belgium 36,057
9 Italy 32,511
10 Spain 31,775
11 Japan 31,674
12 Netherlands 29,345
13 Switzerland 26,754
14 Germany 26,385
15 Turkey 25,223
16 Taiwan 23,968
17 Brazil 20,204
18 Thailand 18,900
19 Colombia 14,185
20 Hong Kong 13,924

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.