Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 557,592
2 China 121,190
3 United Kingdom 64,851
4 France 61,043
5 Japan 52,998
6 South Korea 48,389
7 Australia 40,758
8 Italy 39,399
9 Canada 37,897
10 Germany 36,475
11 Spain 33,109
12 Turkey 27,469
13 Taiwan 24,565
14 Netherlands 22,974
15 Switzerland 21,946
16 Thailand 20,783
17 India 18,371
18 Brazil 16,405
19 Colombia 16,089
20 Belgium 15,084

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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