Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 543,543
2 China 120,748
3 United Kingdom 71,145
4 France 61,049
5 Japan 58,928
6 South Korea 51,831
7 Australia 46,728
8 Canada 41,864
9 Italy 40,371
10 Germany 38,789
11 Spain 33,329
12 Turkey 28,366
13 Taiwan 25,660
14 Switzerland 25,364
15 Netherlands 25,111
16 Thailand 22,214
17 India 19,638
18 Belgium 16,601
19 Colombia 16,200
20 Brazil 16,094

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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