Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 492,557
2 China 115,973
3 United Kingdom 73,821
4 Japan 65,973
5 France 59,888
6 South Korea 54,397
7 Australia 50,605
8 Canada 43,954
9 Germany 39,181
10 Italy 38,679
11 Spain 32,103
12 Netherlands 28,298
13 Turkey 27,998
14 Switzerland 27,518
15 Taiwan 27,158
16 Thailand 21,942
17 India 19,009
18 Belgium 17,641
19 Colombia 15,614
20 Brazil 14,473

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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