Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 152,634
2 United States 27,391
3 United Kingdom 20,822
4 Australia 9,628
5 Malaysia 9,006
6 Canada 7,580
7 Russia 7,235
8 Brazil 6,786
9 India 5,201
10 Thailand 4,851
11 Indonesia 4,204
12 France 3,764
13 Turkey 3,356
14 Colombia 3,311
15 Norway 3,310
16 Iran 3,112
17 Germany 2,923
18 South Korea 2,675
19 Taiwan 2,485
20 Mexico 2,451

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.