Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 172,459
2 United States 32,099
3 United Kingdom 23,733
4 Malaysia 10,473
5 Australia 10,146
6 Russia 9,062
7 Canada 8,878
8 Brazil 7,349
9 India 6,422
10 Thailand 5,319
11 Indonesia 4,254
12 Iran 4,163
13 France 4,089
14 Germany 3,685
15 Turkey 3,610
16 Colombia 3,545
17 Norway 3,350
18 South Korea 2,894
19 Japan 2,811
20 Saudi Arabia 2,731

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.