Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 190,203
2 United States 33,482
3 United Kingdom 23,819
4 Malaysia 10,587
5 Australia 10,470
6 Russia 10,167
7 Canada 9,207
8 Brazil 7,603
9 India 7,295
10 Thailand 5,468
11 Iran 4,464
12 Germany 4,344
13 France 4,325
14 Indonesia 3,970
15 Colombia 3,809
16 Turkey 3,656
17 Norway 3,588
18 Saudi Arabia 3,540
19 Poland 3,484
20 South Korea 3,108

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.