Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 689,562
2 United Kingdom 188,226
3 Australia 133,064
4 Canada 96,628
5 Turkey 34,597
6 China 30,063
7 South Korea 19,274
8 Norway 13,608
9 Ireland 13,554
10 New Zealand 12,935
11 Brazil 11,878
12 Thailand 10,309
13 Hong Kong 9,471
14 South Africa 9,223
15 Taiwan 8,934
16 Singapore 8,484
17 Netherlands 8,370
18 Indonesia 7,976
19 Spain 7,557
20 Iran 7,300

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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