Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 743,686
2 United Kingdom 223,800
3 Australia 158,997
4 Canada 110,590
5 Turkey 40,297
6 China 30,221
7 South Korea 26,429
8 Ireland 16,279
9 Norway 15,858
10 New Zealand 14,953
11 Brazil 12,731
12 Hong Kong 10,810
13 Taiwan 10,788
14 Netherlands 9,813
15 Thailand 9,546
16 South Africa 9,428
17 Singapore 9,326
18 Spain 9,323
19 Indonesia 8,147
20 Sweden 7,725

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach