Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 760,367
2 United States 136,130
3 Taiwan 115,797
4 India 80,352
5 Malaysia 74,299
6 South Korea 73,417
7 Brazil 68,718
8 Thailand 67,547
9 Turkey 65,263
10 United Kingdom 49,059
11 Japan 43,840
12 Iran 37,795
13 Australia 33,191
14 Canada 28,145
15 Pakistan 27,976
16 Mexico 26,793
17 Spain 23,825
18 France 23,436
19 Indonesia 23,192
20 Colombia 20,163

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach