Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 859,806
2 United States 147,255
3 Taiwan 133,991
4 South Korea 85,675
5 India 81,536
6 Brazil 69,206
7 Malaysia 69,011
8 Turkey 68,748
9 Thailand 55,134
10 United Kingdom 54,294
11 Japan 48,183
12 Australia 35,411
13 Canada 30,727
14 Iran 28,904
15 Pakistan 28,637
16 Spain 26,076
17 Mexico 24,295
18 France 23,924
19 Indonesia 23,079
20 Saudi Arabia 19,624

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach