Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 193,029
2 China 72,959
3 United Kingdom 57,809
4 India 39,084
5 Australia 36,938
6 Malaysia 28,281
7 Thailand 27,827
8 Saudi Arabia 25,227
9 Brazil 23,499
10 Canada 21,767
11 Iran 19,932
12 Indonesia 18,664
13 Turkey 17,770
14 Japan 17,530
15 Germany 16,826
16 Italy 16,317
17 France 15,430
18 Russia 15,257
19 Taiwan 14,017
20 South Korea 13,708

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach