Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 90,627
2 United States 55,252
3 South Korea 20,267
4 United Kingdom 19,101
5 Japan 16,449
6 France 12,777
7 Australia 12,615
8 Germany 10,276
9 Canada 9,402
10 India 8,595
11 Brazil 8,444
12 Italy 7,797
13 Mexico 7,068
14 Spain 6,831
15 Thailand 5,983
16 Norway 5,529
17 Chile 5,507
18 Taiwan 5,092
19 Portugal 4,990
20 Russia 4,287

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach