Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 92,335
2 United States 52,165
3 South Korea 18,543
4 United Kingdom 18,321
5 Japan 15,805
6 Australia 12,448
7 France 11,396
8 Canada 9,316
9 Germany 8,618
10 Brazil 8,046
11 Italy 7,675
12 India 7,604
13 Spain 6,690
14 Mexico 6,524
15 Thailand 5,235
16 Norway 5,140
17 Taiwan 4,966
18 Portugal 4,721
19 Chile 4,621
20 Russia 4,168

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach