Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 683,423
2 United States 539,093
3 United Kingdom 175,484
4 Brazil 138,923
5 India 126,286
6 Germany 123,920
7 France 100,059
8 Japan 99,647
9 Italy 89,161
10 Australia 86,599
11 Canada 84,012
12 South Korea 77,392
13 Russia 74,250
14 Spain 74,133
15 Taiwan 67,008
16 Thailand 57,168
17 Mexico 55,535
18 Netherlands 46,386
19 Switzerland 44,768
20 Turkey 38,191

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach