Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 623,925
2 United States 483,511
3 United Kingdom 164,764
4 Brazil 113,612
5 Germany 96,348
6 India 92,562
7 Japan 87,274
8 Australia 86,721
9 France 79,643
10 Italy 74,780
11 Canada 73,369
12 South Korea 67,658
13 Spain 67,313
14 Taiwan 55,721
15 Netherlands 45,840
16 Mexico 45,075
17 Thailand 44,943
18 Russia 43,193
19 Switzerland 42,890
20 Turkey 34,678

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach