Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 632,271
2 United States 452,161
3 United Kingdom 141,436
4 Brazil 101,161
5 Australia 85,203
6 Japan 82,250
7 Germany 78,804
8 India 76,797
9 France 73,431
10 Canada 68,594
11 Italy 68,080
12 Spain 65,156
13 South Korea 64,515
14 Taiwan 51,706
15 Netherlands 45,044
16 Switzerland 41,055
17 Mexico 38,622
18 Thailand 35,958
19 Turkey 32,112
20 Russia 26,624

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach