Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 674,898
2 United States 520,534
3 United Kingdom 169,824
4 Brazil 130,187
5 India 115,491
6 Germany 111,103
7 Japan 92,598
8 France 91,037
9 Australia 87,070
10 Italy 83,407
11 Canada 79,036
12 South Korea 72,720
13 Spain 69,521
14 Taiwan 60,559
15 Russia 60,339
16 Thailand 52,684
17 Mexico 52,007
18 Netherlands 46,421
19 Switzerland 41,279
20 Turkey 36,549

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach