Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 224,731
2 Thailand 59,233
3 United States 53,541
4 Brazil 45,991
5 Japan 31,706
6 South Korea 30,909
7 India 29,072
8 Turkey 21,419
9 Taiwan 18,642
10 United Kingdom 17,769
11 France 16,876
12 Mexico 16,363
13 Malaysia 15,863
14 Poland 13,833
15 Indonesia 12,433
16 Germany 11,822
17 Australia 11,076
18 South Africa 11,049
19 Italy 10,789
20 Pakistan 8,823

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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